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Vascular Plant Herbarium

Vascular Plant Database Family Results

Category: Monocots
Family Name: Cyperaceae

SPECIES

Bolboschoenus - [maps | photos]

  • Bolboschoenus fluviatilis (Torr.) Soják (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: river bulrush
    Synonyms:
             • Schoenoplectus fluviatilis (Torr.) M.T. Strong
             • Scirpus fluviatilis (Torr.) Gray

Bulbostylis - [maps | photos]

Carex - [maps | photos]

  • Carex abscondita Mackenzie
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: thicket sedge
             • Carex sparganioides Muhl. ex Willd. var. aggregata (Mackenzie) Gleason
             • Carex artitecta Mackenzie
             • Carex physorhyncha Liebm. ex Steud.
             • Carex emmonsii Dewey ex Torr.
  • Carex albolutescens Schwein.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative +
    Common Name: greenwhite sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex longii Mackenzie
             • Carex laxiflora Lam. var. latifolia Boott
  • Carex alopecoidea Tuckerman (TN Endangered -Possibly Extirpated)
    Common Name: foxtail sedge
  • Carex amphibola Steud.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: eastern narrowleaf sedge
             • Carex incomperta Bickn.
             • Carex howei Mackenzie
  • Carex baileyi Britton
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: Bailey's sedge
  • Carex barrattii Schwein. & Torr. (TN Endangered)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: Barratt's sedge
  • Carex blanda Dewey
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative -
    Common Name: eastern woodland sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex laxiflora Lam. var. blanda (Dewey) Boott
  • Carex brevior (Dewey) Mackenzie
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: shortbeak sedge
  • Carex bromoides Schkuhr ex Willd. (TN Threatened)
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: bromelike sedge
  • Carex bulbostylis Mackenzie (TN Special Concern)
    Common Name: Bulbous sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex amphibola Steud. var. globosa (Bailey) Bailey
  • Carex bullata Schkuhr ex Willd. (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: button sedge
  • Carex bushii Mackenzie
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: Bush's sedge
  • Carex buxbaumii Wahlenb. (TN Endangered)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: Buxbaum's sedge
  • Carex caroliniana Schwein.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: Carolina sedge
  • Carex chapmanii Steud. (TN Threatened)
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: Chapman's sedge
  • Carex cherokeensis Schwein.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland -
    Common Name: Cherokee sedge
  • Carex collinsii Nutt.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: Collins' sedge
  • Carex comosa Boott (TN Threatened)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: longhair sedge
  • Carex complanata Torr. & Hook.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative +
    Common Name: hirsute sedge
  • Carex conjuncta Boott
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative +
    Common Name: soft fox sedge
             • Carex amphibola Steud.
  • Carex crawei Dewey
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: Crawe's sedge
  • Carex crebriflora Wiegand
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland -
    Common Name: coastalplain sedge
  • Carex crus-corvi Shuttlew. ex Kunze
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: ravenfoot sedge
  • Carex davisii Schwein. & Torr. (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative
    Common Name: Davis' sedge
  • Carex debilis Michx.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: white edge sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex debilis Michx. var. rudgei Bailey
             • Carex debilis Michx. var. pubera Gray
  • Carex eburnea Boott
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Upland
    Common Name: bristleleaf sedge
  • Carex echinata Murr. (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: star sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex echinata Murr. var. angustata (Carey) Bailey
  • Carex festucacea Schkuhr. ex Willd.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: fescue sedge
             • Carex nigromarginata Schweinitz var. floridana (Schweinitz) Kükenthal
  • Carex frankii Kunth
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: Frank's sedge
  • Carex gigantea Rudge
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: giant sedge
  • Carex glaucescens Ell.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: southern waxy sedge
             • Carex flaccosperma Dewey var. glaucodea (Tuckerman ex Olney) Kukenth.
             • Carex laxiflora Lam. var. gracillima (Boott) Boott ex B.L. Robins. & Fern.
  • Carex gracillima Schwein.
    NWI R2 TN: No Wetland Indicator
    Common Name: graceful sedge
  • Carex granularis Muhl. ex Willd.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: limestone meadow sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex haleana Olney
  • Carex gravida Bailey (TN Special Concern)
    Common Name: heavy sedge
  • Carex grayi J. Carey
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: Gray's sedge
  • Carex grisea Wahlenb.
    Common Name: eastern narrowleaf sedge
             • Carex crinita Lam. var. gynandra (Schwein.) Schwein. & Torr.
  • Carex hyalinolepis Steud. (TN Threatened)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: shoreline sedge
  • Carex hystericina Muhl. ex Willd.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: bottlebrush sedge
  • Carex intumescens Rudge
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: greater bladder sedge
  • Carex joorii Bailey
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: cypress swamp sedge
  • Carex laevivaginata (Kük.) Mackenzie
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: smoothsheath sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex stipata Muhl. ex Willd. var. laevivaginata Kukenth.
  • Carex laxiflora Lam.
    NWI R2 TN: No Wetland Indicator
    Common Name: broad looseflower sedge
             • Carex cephalophora Muhl. ex Willd. var. leavenworthii (Dewey) Kukenth.
  • Carex leptalea Wahlenb.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: bristlystalked sedge
  • Carex leptonervia (Fern.) Fern.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: nerveless woodland sedge
  • Carex lonchocarpa Willd. ex Spreng. (TN Endangered)
    Common Name: southern long sedge
  • Carex longii Mackenzie
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: Long's sedge
  • Carex lupuliformis Sartwell ex Dewey
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: false hop sedge
  • Carex lupulina Willd.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: hop sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex lupulina Muhl. ex Willd. var. pedunculata Gray
  • Carex lurida Wahlenb.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: shallow sedge
  • Carex meadii Dewey
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative
    Common Name: Mead's sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex tetanica Schkuhr var. meadii (Dewey) Bailey
             • Carex cephalophora Muhl. ex Willd. var. mesochorea (Mackenzie) Gleason
  • Carex misera Buckley (TN Threatened)
    Common Name: wretched sedge
             • Carex crinita Lam. var. mitchelliana (M.A. Curtis) Gleason
  • Carex molesta Mackenzie ex Bright
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative -
    Common Name: troublesome sedge
  • Carex muskingumensis Schwein. (TN Endangered)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: Muskingum sedge
  • Carex normalis Mackenzie
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland -
    Common Name: greater straw sedge
  • Carex oblita Steud.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland +
    Common Name: darkgreen sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex venusta Dewey
  • Carex oklahomensis Mackenzie
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: Oklahoma sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex stipata Muhl. ex Willd. var. oklahomensis (Mackenzie) Gleason
  • Carex ouachitana Kral, Manhart & Bryson (TN Special Concern)
    Common Name: Ouachita Mountain sedge
  • Carex ovalis * Goodenough
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative
    Common Name: eggbract sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex leporina auct. non L.
  • Carex pellita Muhl. ex Willd. (TN Endangered)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: woolly sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex lanuginosa auct. non Michx.
  • Carex prasina Wahlenb.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: drooping sedge
  • Carex projecta Mackenzie
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland +
    Common Name: necklace sedge
             • Carex laxiflora Lam. var. purpurifera (Mackenzie) Gleason
  • Carex reniformis (Bailey) Small (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: kidneyshape sedge
  • Carex roanensis F.J. Herm. (TN Endangered)
    Common Name: Roan Mountain sedge
  • Carex rosea Schkuhr. ex Willd.
    Common Name: rosy sedge
  • Carex ruthii Mackenzie (TN Threatened)
    Common Name: Ruth's sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex muricata L. var. ruthii (Mackenzie) Gleason
  • Carex scabrata Schwein.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: eastern rough sedge
  • Carex scoparia Schkuhr. ex Willd.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: broom sedge
  • Carex seorsa Howe
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: weak stellate sedge
  • Carex shortiana Dewey
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: Short's sedge
  • Carex socialis Mohlenbrock & Schwegman
    Common Name: low woodland sedge
  • Carex squarrosa L.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: squarrose sedge
  • Carex sterilis Willd. (TN Endangered -Possibly Extirpated)
    NWI R2 TN: No Wetland Indicator
    Common Name: dioecious sedge
  • Carex stricta Lam.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: upright sedge
  • Carex styloflexa Buckley
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: bent sedge
  • Carex swanii (Fern.) Mackenzie
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Upland
    Common Name: Swan's sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex virescens Muhl. ex Willd. var. swanii Fern.
  • Carex tenera Dewey
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: quill sedge
  • Carex tetanica Schkuhr (TN Endangered)
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: rigid sedge
             • Carex rugosperma Mackenzie var. tonsa (Fernald) E. G. Voss
             • Carex umbellata Schkuhr ex Willdenow var. tonsa Fernald
  • Carex torta Boott ex Tuckerman
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: twisted sedge
  • Carex triangularis Boeckl.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: eastern fox sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex vulpinoidea Michx. var. platycarpa Hall
  • Carex tribuloides Wahlenb.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland +
    Common Name: blunt broom sedge
  • Carex typhina Michx.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: cattail sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex squarrosa L. var. typhina (Michx.) Nutt.
  • Carex utriculata Boott. (TN Endangered -Possibly Extirpated)
    Common Name: Northwest Territory sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Carex rostrata Stokes var. utriculata (Boott) Bailey
  • Carex vestita Willd. (TN Endangered -Possibly Extirpated)
    Common Name: velvet sedge
  • Carex willdenowii Schkuhr ex Willd.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: Willdenow's sedge
  • Carex woodii Dewey (TN Endangered)
    Common Name: pretty sedge

Cymophyllus - [maps | photos]

             • Cymophyllus fraseri (Andr.) Mackenzie ex Britton
             • Carex fraseriana Ker-Gawl.
             • Carex fraseri Andr.

Cyperus - [maps | photos]

  • Cyperus acuminatus Torr. & Hook. ex Torr.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: tapertip flat sedge
  • Cyperus bipartitus Torr.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: slender flat sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Cyperus rivularis Kunth
  • Cyperus croceus Vahl
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative
    Common Name: Baldwin's flat sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Cyperus globulosus auct. non Aubl.
  • Cyperus dentatus Torr. (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: toothed flat sedge
  • Cyperus diandrus Torr.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: umbrella flat sedge
  • Cyperus difformis * L.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: variable flat sedge
  • Cyperus echinatus (L.) Wood
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative
    Common Name: globe flat sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Cyperus ovularis (Michx.) Torr.
  • Cyperus flavicomus Michx.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative
    Common Name: whiteedge flat sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Cyperus albomarginatus (Mart. & Schrad. ex Nees) Steud.
  • Cyperus haspan L.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: haspan flat sedge
  • Cyperus iria * L.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: ricefield flat sedge
  • Cyperus lupulinus (Spreng.) Marcks
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Upland +
    Common Name: Great Plains flat sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Cyperus filiculmis auct. non Vahl
  • Cyperus odoratus L.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: fragrant flat sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Cyperus ferruginescens Boeckl.
             • Cyperus engelmannii Steud.
  • Cyperus polystachyos Rottb.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: Texan flat sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Cyperus polystachyos Rottb. var. texensis (Torr.) Fernald
  • Cyperus refractus Engelm. ex Boeckl.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative -
    Common Name: reflexed flat sedge
             • Cyperus dipsaciformis Fern.
  • Cyperus retrorsus Chapman
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Upland +
    Common Name: pine barren flat sedge
  • Cyperus squarrosus L.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: bearded flat sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Cyperus aristatus Rottb.
  • Cyperus strigosus L.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: strawcolored flat sedge

Dulichium - [maps | photos]

Eleocharis - [maps | photos]

  • Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: needle spike rush
  • Eleocharis compressa Sull. (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland +
    Common Name: flatstem spike rush
    Synonyms:
             • Eleocharis elliptica Kunth var. compressa (Sullivant) Drapalik & Mohlenbrock
  • Eleocharis equisetoides (Ell.) Torr. (TN Endangered)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: jointed spike sedge
  • Eleocharis intermedia (Vahl) Roemer & J.A. Schultes (TN Endangered)
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: matted spike rush
  • Eleocharis lanceolata Fern. (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: daggerleaf spike rush
  • Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) J.A. Schultes
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: blunt spike rush
  • Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: common spike rush
  • Eleocharis parvula (Roemer & J.A. Schultes) Link ex Bluff, Nees & Schauer
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: dwarf spike rush
  • Eleocharis quadrangulata (Michx.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: squarestem spike rush
             • Eleocharis elliptica Kunth var. pseudoptera (Weatherby ex Svens.) L. Harms
             • Eleocharis verrucosa (Svens.) L. Harms
  • Eleocharis tortilis (Link) J.A. Schultes (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: twisted spike rush
  • Eleocharis tuberculosa (Michx.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland +
    Common Name: cone-cup spike rush
  • Eleocharis wolfii (A. Gray) A. Gray ex Britton (TN Endangered)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: Wolf's spike rush

Eriophorum - [maps | photos]

Fimbristylis - [maps | photos]

  • Fimbristylis annua (All.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: annual fimbry
  • Fimbristylis perpusilla Harper ex Small & Britton (TN Endangered)
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland +
    Common Name: Harper's fimbry
  • Fimbristylis puberula (Michx.) Vahl (TN Threatened)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: hairy fimbry
  • Fimbristylis vahlii (Lam.) Link
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: Vahl's fimbry
    Synonyms:
             • Scirpus vahlii Lam.

Fuirena - [maps | photos]

  • Fuirena squarrosa Michx. (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: hairy umbrella sedge

Isolepis - [maps | photos]

  • Isolepis carinata Hook. & Arn. ex Torr.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: keeled bulrush
    Synonyms:
             • Scirpus koilolepis (Steud.) Gleason

Kyllinga - [maps | photos]

  • Kyllinga gracillima Miq.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Upland
    Common Name: pasture spike sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Cyperus brevifolioides Thieret & Delahoussaye
             • Kyllinga brevifolioides (Thieret & Delahoussaye) G. Tucker
  • Kyllinga pumila Michx.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative Wetland
    Common Name: low spike sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Cyperus tenuifolius (Steud.) Dandy

Lipocarpha - [maps | photos]

  • Lipocarpha micrantha (Vahl) G. Tucker
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: smallflower halfchaff sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Hemicarpha micrantha (Vahl) Pax

Rhynchospora - [maps | photos]

  • Rhynchospora alba (L.) Vahl (TN Endangered -Possibly Extirpated)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: white beak sedge
  • Rhynchospora caduca Ell. (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: anglestem beak sedge
  • Rhynchospora colorata (L.) H. Pfeiffer
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: starrush sedge
    Synonyms:
             • Dichromena colorata (L.) A. S. Hitch.
  • Rhynchospora harveyi W. Boott (TN Threatened)
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative
    Common Name: Harvey's beak sedge
  • Rhynchospora macrostachya Torr. ex A. Gray (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: tall horned beak sedge
  • Rhynchospora perplexa Britton (TN Threatened)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: pineland beak sedge
  • Rhynchospora rariflora (Michx.) Elliott (TN Endangered)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: fewflower beak sedge
             • Rhynchospora globularis (Chapman) Small var. recognita Gale

Schoenoplectus - [maps | photos]

             • Scirpus californicus (C.A. Mey.) Steud.
             • Scirpus mucronatus L.
             • Scirpus americanus auct. non Pers.
             • Scirpus purshianus Fern.
             • Scirpus subterminalis Torr.
             • Scirpus validus Vahl
             • Scirpus tabernaemontani Gmel.

Scirpus - [maps | photos]

  • Scirpus expansus Fern.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: woodland bulrush
  • Scirpus pendulus Muhl.
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: rufous bulrush
    Synonyms:
             • Scirpus lineatus auct. non Michx.

Scleria - [maps | photos]

  • Scleria ciliata Michx.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative
    Common Name: fringed nut rush
  • Scleria pauciflora Muhl. ex Willd.
    NWI R2 TN: Facultative +
    Common Name: fewflower nut rush
  • Scleria verticillata Muhl. ex Willd. (TN Special Concern)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: low nut rush

Trichophorum - [maps | photos]

  • Trichophorum caespitosum (L.) Hartman (TN Endangered)
    NWI R2 TN: Obligate Wetland
    Common Name: tufted bulrush
    Synonyms:
             • Scirpus caespitosus L.

If you have any questions or comments, please contact Dr. Jessica M. Budke or Dr. B. Eugene Wofford.

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